Results show that the hydraulic resistance is significantly reduced in the proposed four ports actuators; and the proposed cylinders run faster than the conventional cylinders and a considerable amount of energyis saved as well.
Results show that the small outlet ports are the sources of energy loss in hydraulic cylinders.
Abstract: Leprosy or Hansen's disease is caused by an obligate intracellular pathogen i.e. Leprosy is a granulomatous disease of peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. Bowers KJ, Chow E, Xu H, Dror RO, Eastwood MP, Gregersen BA, Klepeis JL, Kolossvary I, Moraes MA, Sacerdoti FD, Salmon JK, Shan Y, Shaw DE (2006) Scalable Algorithms for Molecular Dynamics Simulations on Commodity Clusters. Abstract: For dynamic optimization problems, the aim of an effective optimization algorithm is both to find the optimal solutions and to track the optima over time.